What is the function of Taproot in Bitcoin?
When we talk about Bitcoin, there are always new terms and functions that its creators add day by day. One of them is Taproot, new software that improves Bitcoin scripts which adds a little more privacy and allows greater simplification in all those transactions that can be somewhat complex.
When transactions occur on the Bitcoin blockchain, they can bring with it other much more complete functions such as the need to establish a multi-signature or the need to use timelocks, for example.
What is the primary function of Taproot?
The most important function of Taproot is to “transform,” so to speak, complex operations into simpler ones. This will give a higher level of privacy to everything that is done within the Bitcoin platform.
Taproot emerged in 2018 from the hand of Greg Maxwell, who is dedicated to the development of Bitcoin Core. When writing the code and testing it in an internal network called testnet, it was very easy to use it by October 2020; the code had already been published and put into practice.
Another developer named Pieter Wuille made a so-called “pull request,” which allows miners to download the software already with Taproot integrated so that they can create different blocks that contain it.
This is how Taproot works.
Taproot is a script of a few lines of code incorporated into transactions and indicates how much the transactions are spent and what miners receive. These transactions define how the bitcoins will be spent in the next transaction. It is important to emphasize that each user must use their signature to indicate that it is authentic.
However, there is a problem when carrying out the transactions because when they are authorized, they can be seen by anyone who wishes. This means that privacy is completely lost because all wallets have the ability to accept multi-signature and lock times as well. By integrating this script, privacy is improved because Taproot hides these flaws.
What benefits did Taproot bring to Bitcoin?
One of the main reasons Taproot has become a great tool was the implementation of MAST or Merkelized Abstract Syntax Tress or merkelized abstract syntax trees in our language. It is a type of structure that has the ability to combine all kinds of transactions within the Bitcoin blockchain because, by having a tree structure, it can, with just a tiny change in the base, affect even the “branches” end. This causes the storage required to save the information for each of the blocks to be reduced.
On the other hand, we also find AST or Abstract Syntax Trees or abstract syntax trees. What this algorithm does is select individual pieces of information. This simplifies the obtaining of data, which accelerates everything that has to do with obtaining data. That is, more blocks of information enter each piece of data.
Through this procedure in Taproot, only the actual condition is revealed when a transaction occurs, allowing the rest to remain hidden. This allows for greater privacy during transactions on blockchains.
In conclusion, the implementation of Taproot will bring great advantages such as:
- Greater privacy.
- Decrease in the amount of data that is transported when transactions are made.
- Reduction in the value of trades.
- Ability to add more transactions per block.
- Increased security when multi-signature occurs.
- Option to simulate transactions before making them.
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